Giulia Valerio

Giulia Valerio

Prof. Giulia Valerio, Ph. D.

Università degli Studi di Brescia
via Branze, 43
25100 Brescia
Phone: 030 3715420
Fax: 030 3711213 (att. ne G. Valerio)
Skype: sursumvale


Born in Brescia on 27 March 1982.

Scientific diploma with a two languages specialization (English and German), achieved with  mark 100/100 at Liceo Scientifico A. Calini in Brescia.

Project contract at APER (Association of Producers of Energy from Renewables) from 1/10/2007 at 31/03/2007, hired as a consultant for SHERPA project (Small Hydro Energy Efficient Promotion Campaign Action) regarding the hydroelectrical sector.

Degree in Environmental Engineering cum laude, achieved in 2007 at the University of Brescia with the final dissertation “Evaluation of the consequences of the hydroelectrical exploitation on the internal circulation of a small alpine lake”.

Ph.D.  cum laude in Water Engineering at the Politecnico of Milan in 2011, with the final dissertation “Measurement, analysis and modelling of internal waves propagation in iseo lake”. This work has been carried out in collaboration with the Centre for Water Resources of the University of  Western Australia. Here it is possible to find more information about this Ph.D. Thesis.

Assistant researcher from 01/01/2011 to 30/10/2021 and researcher (Ricercatore tipo B) from 01/11/2018 to 30/10/2021 in Hydraulic Engineering at DICATAM Department of Università degli Studi di  Brescia, with physical limnology as leading areas of research.

Since 01/11/2021 associate professor a DICATAM Department of Università degli Studi di  Brescia. Responsible for the courses “Environmental hydraulics” (Master in Civl and Environmental Engineering, I year) and “Fondamenti di idraulica” (Professional degree in Tecniche per l’edilizia). Main research interest in combining field and numerical modelling techniques to describe the physical processes occurring in lakes and studying their impacts on water quality. Direct responsibilities in maintaining the stations network in Lake Iseo and Lake Garda, in the lakes data management and analysis, and in modelling lakes physics.


Journals papers

  • Valerio, G., Pilotti, M., Scibona, A., and Nizzoli, D. (2022). Monitoring phosphorus in the tributaries of a deep lake from the perspective of the receiving water body. Hydrological processes,
  • Scibona, A., Nizzoli, D., Hupfer, M., Valerio, G., Pilotti, M. & Viaroli, P., (2022), Decoupling of silica, nitrogen and phosphorus cycling in a meromictic subalpine lake (Lake Iseo, Italy), Biogeochemistry,
  • Pilotti, M., Valerio, G. (2021), Lake Iseo: a paradigmatic case, Hydrolink, IAHR, Issue 1.
  • Pilotti, M., Barone, L., Balistrocchi, M., Valerio, G., Milanesi, L., Nizzoli, D. (2021), Nutrient delivery efficiency of a combined sewer along a lake challenged by incipient eutrophication, Water Research, Volume 190,
  • Simoncelli, S., Valerio, G.,Hupfer M., Jordan S., Pilotti, M, Kirillin G. (2020), Sources and scales of near-bottom turbulent mixing in large meromictic Lake Iseo,  Journal of Great Lakes Research, ISSN 0380-1330,
  • Lau M. P. , Valerio, G., Pilotti, M, Hupfer M. (2020),  Intermittent meromixis controls the trophic state of warming deep lakes. Scientific Reports 10, 12928 .
  • Stepanenko V. M. , Valerio, G., Pilotti, M, (2020). Horizontal pressure gradient parameterization for one‐dimensional lake models, Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, DOI: 10.1029/2019MS001906
  • Ghirardi, N., Bolpagni, R., Bresciani, M., Valerio, G., Pilotti, M., and Giardino C. (2019).  Spatiotemporal dynamics of submerged aquatic vegetation in a deep lake from Sentinel-2 data, Water, 11, 563; doi:10.3390/w11030563.
  • Valerio, G., Pilotti, M., Lau, M.P. and Hupfer, M., (2019). Oxycline oscillations induced by internal waves in deep Lake Iseo, Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 23, 1763-1777,
    Barone, L., Pilotti, M., Valerio, G., Balistrocchi, M., Milanesi, L., Chapra, S. and Nizzoli, D. (2019) Analysis of the residual nutrient load from a combined sewer system in a watershed of a deep Italian lake, Journal of Hydrology, 571, 202-213,
  • Pilotti, M. Chapra S. C. and Valerio, G. (2019). Steady-State Distributed Modeling of Dissolved Oxygen in Data-Poor, Sewage Dominated River Systems Using Drainage Networks, Environmental Modeling and Software, 111, 153-169,
  • Louise C. Bruce, Marieke A. Frassl, George B. Arhonditsis, Gideon Gal, David P. Hamilton, Paul C. Hanson, Amy L. Hetherington, John M. Melack, Jordan S. Read, Karsten Rinke, Anna Rigosi, Dennis Trolle, Luke Winslow, Rita Adrian, Ana I. Ayala, Serghei A. Bocaniov, Bertram Boehrer, Casper Boon, Justin D. Brookes, Thomas Bueche, Brendan D. Busch, Diego Copetti, Alicia Cortes, Elvira de Eyto, J. Alex Elliott, Nicole Gallina, Yael Gilboa, Nicolas Guyennon,Lei Huang, Onur Kerimoglu, John D. Lenters, Sally MacIntyre,Vardit Makler-Picka, Chris G. McBride, Santiago Moreira, Deniz Ozkundakci, MarcoPilotti, Francisco J. Rueda, James A. Rusaka, Nihar R. Samala, Martin Schmida, Tom Shatwella, Craig Snorthheim, Frederic Soulignac, Giulia Valerio, Leon van der Linden, Mark Vetter, Brigitte Vinçon-Leite, Junbo Wang, Michael Weber, Chaturangi Wickramaratne, R. Iestyn Woolway,Huaxia Yao, Matthew R. Hipsey, A multi-lake comparative analysis of the General Lake Model (GLM): Stress-testing across a global observatory network, April 2018, Environmental Modelling and Software 102:274-291, DOI: 10.1016/j.envsoft.2017.11.016
  • Pilotti, M., Valerio, G., Giardino, C., Bresciani, M., Chapra, S.,(2018). Evidence from field measurements and satellite imaging of impact of Earth rotation on Lake Iseo chemistry, Journal of Great Lakes Research, 44, 14–25. DOI: 005
  • Valerio, G., Cantelli, A., Monti, P., and Leuzzi, G. (2017). A modeling approach to identify the effective forcing exerted by wind on a pre-alpine lake surrounded by a complex topography. Water Resources Research, 53(5), 4036–4052, DOI: 10.1002/2016WR020335
  • Cantelli A., Monti, P., Leuzzi, G., Valerio G. and Pilotti, M., 2016. Numerical simulations of mountain winds in an alpine valley, accepted for publication in Wind & Structures.
  • Guyennon, Valerio, G., Salerno, F., Pilotti, M., Tartari, G., Copetti, D., 2014. Internal wave weather heterogeneity in a deep multi-basin subalpine lake resulting from wavelet transform and numerical analysis, Advances in Water Resources, doi:10.1016/j.advwatres.2014.06.013.
  • Pilotti, M., Maranzoni, A., Milanesi L., Tomirotti, Valerio G., 2014. Dam-break modeling in alpine valleys. Journal of Mountain Science 11(5). DOI: 10.1007/s11629-014-3042-0
  • Pilotti, M., Simoncelli, S., Valerio, G., 2014. Computing the transport time scales of a stratified lake on the basis of Tonolli’s model, Limnol., published online, doi:10.4081/jlimnol.2014.897.
  • Pilotti, M., Simoncelli, S., Valerio, G., 2014. A simple approach to the evaluation of the actual water renewal time of natural stratified lakes, Water Resources Research, 50, doi:10.1002/2013WR014471.
  • Valerio, G., Pilotti, M., Barontini, S., Leoni, B., 2014. Sensitivity of the multiannual thermal dynamics of a deep pre-alpine lake to climatic change , Hydrological Processes, Accepted for Publication, doi: 10.1002/hyp.10183.
  • Pilotti, M., Valerio, G., Gregorini, L., Milanesi L. and Hogg, 2014. Study of tributary inflows in Lake Iseo with a rotating physical model , Journal of Limnology, 73(1), doi: 10.4081/jlimnol.2014.772.
  • Pilotti, M., Valerio, G., Leoni, B., 2013. Data Set For Hydrodynamic Lake Model Calibration: A Deep Pre-Alpine Case, Water Resources Research, 49, 7159–7163,  doi:10.1002/wrcr.20506.
  • Pilotti, M., Tomirotti, M., Valerio G. and Milanesi L., 2013. Discussion on Experimental investigation of reservoir geometry effect on dam-break flow by A.Feizi Khankandi, A. Tahershamsi And S. Soares-Frazão, J. Hydraulic Res. 50(4), 2012, 376–387., Journal of Hydraulic Research, 51:2, 220-222
  • Valerio, G., Pilotti, M., Marti, C.L., and Imberger J., 2012. The structure of basin scale internal waves in a stratified lake in response to lake bathymetry and wind spatial and temporal distribution: Lake Iseo, Italy, Limnology and Oceanography, 57(3): 772–786.
  • Pilotti, Maranzoni, A., Tomirotti M., Valerio G., 2011. 1923 Gleno Dam Break: Case Study and Numerical Modeling. Journal of Hydraulic Engineering, 137(4): 480-492.
  • Pilotti, Tomirotti M., Valerio G., Bacchi B. 2010. A simplified method for the characterization of the hydrograph following a sudden partial dam break. Journal of Hydraulic Engineering, 136(10): 693-704.


  • Valerio G., Pilotti M. Dynamics of lakes heatwaves in summer 2022: interplay between wind mixing and surface heating. Proceedings of PPNW, Brescia, IT, 19-23 June, 2023.
  • Valerio G., Volpini S., Benvenuti E. Evidence of heatwaves in two deep Italian lakes in summer 2022. EGU General Assembly 2023, Vienna, Austria, 24–28 Apr 2023, EGU23-15524.
  • Valerio G., Volpini S., Pilotti M. Evidence of wind-driven currents from the pictures taken by a webcam framing the surface of a pre-alpine lake. Proceedings of the 39th IAHR World Congress, 19-24 June 2022, Granada, Spain.
  • Valerio G., Pilotti M., Hupfer M., Simoncelli S., Kirillin G. (2021). Experimental evidence of deep, baroclinic motions in lake Iseo,. In: Atti del XXXVII Convegno Nazionale di Idraulica e Costruzioni Idrauliche. 14-16 Giugno 2021
  • Valerio G., Pilotti M., Hupfer M., Nizzoli D. (2021) Assessing the contributions to the phosphorus load delivered to lake Iseo. EGU General Assembly, online version, 19–30 April 2021
  • Valerio, G., Pilotti, M. (2018). First observations of oxycline oscillation in Lake Iseo. 2th Workshop on lake GARDa ENvironmental system (GARDEN), Moniga del Garda, Italy, 10/5/2018.
  • Valerio, G., Pilotti, M. (2018). Impact of the monitoring methodologies on the estimation of the riverine phosphorus load delivered to a lake (Short presentation of a poster), 5th IAHR Europe Congress, Trento, Italy, 12-14/6/2018.
  • Pilotti, M., Valerio, G. (2018). Multiple evidence of the impact of earth rotation on lake Iseo flow field and water chemistry. Atti del XXXVI Convegno Nazionale di Idraulica e Costruzioni Idrauliche, Ancona, 12-14/09/2018.
  • Barone L., Pilotti, M., Murgioni, M., Valerio, G., Chapra, S.C., Balistrocchi, M., Milanesi, L. (2018). Measuring and modelling the nutrients residual load from the combined sewer of the eastern shore of Lake Iseo. Proc. of 11th International Conference on UDM, Palermo, 23-26/09/2018.
  • Valerio, G., Pilotti, M., Hupfer, M., Lau, M., 2017. Oxycline oscillations induced by internal waves in deep Lake Iseo. 5th Workshop on “Parameterization of Lakes in Numerical Weather Prediction and Climate Modelling” (LAKE 2017), Berlin, Germany, 16-19 October 2017.
  • Pilotti, M., Valerio, G., Simoncelli, S. 2016. Computing the actual water renewal time of natural stratified lake. Proceedings of XXV IDRA2016 Congress, Bologna, 14-16 September 2016.
  • Valerio, G., Pilotti, Cantelli A., Monti, P., Leuzzi, G.. 2016. Sensitivity of the basin-scale internal wave structure in a prealpine lake to wind distribution. Proceedings of XXV IDRA2016 Congress, Bologna, 14-16 September 2016.
  • Valerio G., Pilotti, M., Chapra, S., Caramatti, I. 2016. Ecological model of the effects of an exceptional deep circulation in a pre-alpine lake. Proceedings of XXXIII SIL Congress, Torino, 31 July – 5 August 2016.
  • Pilotti, M., Chapra, S., Valerio G., Barone L., Balistrocchi M. 2016. Modeling nutrients residual load from the combined sewer serving the eastern shore of Lake Iseo. Proceedings of XXXIII SIL Congress, Torino, 31 July – 5 August 2016.
  • Valerio, G., Pilotti, Cantelli A., Monti, P., Leuzzi, G.. 2016. A coupled atmospheric-lake model to simulate the internal waves structure in a deep, stratified lake. Proceedings of XIX PPNW, Bath, UK, 12-15 July, 2016
  • Pilotti, M., Simoncelli, S., Valerio G., 2014. A simple way to compute the distribution of the age of water within thermally stratified natural lakes. Proceedings of XXVII PPNW, Trento, Italy, 1-4 July 2014.
  • Valerio G., Pilotti, M., 2014. The role of winter climate on the deep temperature evolution of a deep Italian lake. Proceedings of PPNW, Trento, Italy, 1-4 July 2014.
  • Milanesi, L., Pilotti, M., Ranzi, R., Valerio, G., 2014. Methodologies for hydraulic hazard mapping in alluvial fan areas, in: Evolving Water Resources Systems: Understanding, Predicting and Managing Water–Society Interactions, Proceedings of ICWRS2014, Bologna, Italy, 4-6 June 2014, IAHS Publication n.364, Wallingford (UK), ISBN: 978-1-907161-42-1, 267-272, 2014.
  • Milanesi, L., Pilotti, M., Valerio, G. The application of environmental flow regulations to small hydropower plants in alpine areas. Proceedings of the International Workshop on Hydraulic Design of Low-head Structures, Aachen (Germany), 20-22/2/2013.
  • Pilotti, M., Maranzoni, A., Milanesi, L., Tomirotti, M., Valerio, G., 2013. Hydraulic hazard mapping in alpine dam break prone areas: the Cancano dam case study, Proceedings of the XXXV IAHR Congress, Chengdu, China, 7 pp., 8
  • Valerio, G., Pilotti, M., 2012. Le onde interne del lago d’Iseo: osservazione sperimentale e modellazione numerica, Atti del XXXI Convegno di Idraulica e Costruzioni Idrauliche, Brescia (Italy), 10-14 Settembre 2012, ISBN: 978-88-97181-18-7 (on CD), Edibios, Cosenza (Italy), 10 pp. [AC]
  • Pilotti e Valerio, G. Preliminary evaluations of the impact of a pumped storage plant on the hypolimnetic circulation of a deep subalpine italian lake, Proceedings of the First European IAHR Congress, Edimburgo, 4-6 maggio 2010 (on CD).
  • Pilotti, M., Tomirotti, M., Valerio G. e Bacchi, B., 2010. A simplified prediction model for the outflow hydrograph due to partial dam break, Proceedings of the First European IAHR Congress, Edimburgo, 4-6 maggio 2010 (on CD).
  • Maranzoni, Pilotti M., Tomirotti M., Valerio G., 2008. Modellazione numerica dell’onda conseguente all’ipotetico crollo della prima diga di Cancano, Atti del XXXI Convegno di Idraulica e Costruzioni Idrauliche, Perugia, 09-12 Settembre 2008.
  • Maranzoni, Pilotti M., Tomirotti M., Valerio G., 2007. Modellazione numerica e sperimentale dei primi istanti di moto conseguenti alla rapida rimozione di uno sbarramento, Atti del XVIII Congresso dell’Associazione Italiana di Meccanica Teorica e Applicata, Brescia, 11-14 Settembre 2007.
  • Gollessi, Valerio G., 2007. Implementation of WFD in Italy and experimental studies on reserved flow, Proceedings of Hydro 2007: New Approaches for a New Era, Granada, 15 – 17 October 2007.